Palazzo Pitti Tickets
Tickets
English
EUR
Contents

Discover Palazzo Pitti History | Florence's Renaissance Gem, a Journey Through Time

Palazzo Pitti is a grand Renaissance palace in Florence, Italy, that has made significant highlights in the city's history. Originally built for a wealthy banker in the mid-15th century, the palace was later acquired by the powerful Medici family and became their primary residence. With its grand architecture, lavish interior, and extensive collection of artworks, Palazzo Pitti is a popular tourist attraction and museum. Take a walk to the past at Palazzo Pitti!

Palazzo Pitti History Timeline At Glance

  • 1458: Construction of Palazzo Pitti begins for Luca Pitti, a wealthy Florentine banker and rival of the Medici family.
  • 1549: The palace is purchased by the Medici family and becomes their primary residence.
  • 1560-1580: The Medici family enlarges the building and transforms the interior, commissioning many important artworks to decorate the palace.
  • 1737: The last Medici heir dies and the palace passes to the Lorraine family.
  • 1773-1776: The palace is extensively renovated by the Lorraine family, adding new wings and further embellishments to the building.
  • 1865: The palace became the residence of the King of Italy.
  • 1919: The palace is turned into a museum, housing a vast collection of artworks and historic objects.
  • 1944: During World War II, the palace suffers significant damage from bombing but is eventually restored.
  • 2017: Palazzo Pitti celebrates its 500th anniversary with a series of special events and exhibitions.

Detailed Palazzo Pitti History

15th Century Palazzo Pitti

15th Century

The Palazzo Pitti was originally built in the 15th century for the wealthy Florentine banker Luca Pitti. It was designed by the architect Brunelleschi, but Pitti died before it was completed, and the palace was sold to the Medici family.

Medici Family

16th Century

 In the 16th century, the Palazzo Pitti became the primary residence of the Medici family. They added a new wing to the palace and commissioned the famous Italian architect Bartolomeo Ammannati to design a grand courtyard.

17th Century Boboli Garden

17th Century

During the 17th century, the Palazzo Pitti underwent further renovations and expansions under the Grand Duke Ferdinando II. He commissioned the famous Baroque architect Filippo Juvarra to design a new facade and the famous Boboli Gardens.

18th Century artwork of Palazzo Pitti

18th Century

The Palazzo Pitti briefly served as the power base of Napoleon and then residence of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty, who succeeded the Medici family as rulers of Tuscany. They added further decorations and furnishings to the palace, including many fine artworks. 

19th Century Palazzo Pitti

19th Century

The Palazzo Pitti became a national museum and was opened to the public. The museum's collection included many fine artworks, including works by Raphael, Titian, and Rubens.

20th Century Palazzo Pitti

20th Century

During World War II, the Palazzo Pitti was damaged by Allied bombings, but the artworks had been previously removed and were safe. After the war, restoration work was undertaken to repair the damage caused by the bombings.

21st Century Palazzo Pitti

21st Century

 Pitti remains a popular tourist attraction and cultural center. It houses several museums, including the Palatine Gallery, the Royal Apartments, and the Museum of Fashion and Costume. The Boboli Gardens surrounding the palace offer stunning views of Florence.

Palazzo Pitti Architecture 

The Palazzo Pitti in Florence, Italy, is a stunning example of Renaissance architecture. The palace was originally built for Luca Pitti in the mid-15th century and later expanded by the Medici family. The building features rusticated stone facades and a classic Renaissance style with strong horizontal lines. The grand courtyard, designed by Bartolomeo Ammannati in the 16th century, showcases arches, columns, and sculptures. The palace's interior boasts exquisite frescoes, stucco work, and intricate decorations.

The Palatine Gallery and the Royal Apartments are among the museum's highlights, displaying a collection of Renaissance paintings and ornate furnishings. The Boboli Gardens, added to the palace complex in the 17th century, are a magnificent example of Italian garden design, with terraces, fountains, and sculptures surrounded by lush greenery. The Palazzo Pitti is a magnificent monument to the splendor and craftsmanship of the Renaissance era.

Palazzo Pitti Today

Today, the Palazzo Pitti is a vibrant cultural center and one of the city's top tourist attractions. The palace complex houses several museums, including the Palatine Gallery, the Royal Apartments, the Museum of Fashion and Costume, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Silver Museum.

The Palatine Gallery showcases a collection of paintings from the Renaissance period, including works by renowned artists such as Raphael, Titian, and Rubens. The Royal Apartments, once the residence of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, feature exquisite furnishings, ornate decorations, and stunning ceiling frescoes. The Boboli Gardens, which cover over 100 acres, is a beautiful green space and a popular destination for visitors. It's beautiful architecture and rich history make it a must-see destination for anyone visiting Florence.




Book Palazzo Pitti Tickets

Pitti Palace and Palatine Gallery Guided Tour
Instant Confirmation
Mobile Ticket
1 hr. 30 min.
Guided Tour
More details
Guided Walking Tour of Medici’s Mile with Entry to Pitti Palace
Free Cancellation
Instant Confirmation
Mobile Ticket
2 hr.
Guided Tour
More details

Frequently Asked Questions About Palazzo Pitti

How old is the Palazzo Pitti?

The construction of the Palazzo Pitti in Florence, Italy began in 1458 for Luca Pitti and was completed in 1465. The palace was later purchased by the powerful Medici family, who expanded and enhanced the building over the years. So, the Palazzo Pitti is over 550 years old.

Where is Palazzo Pitti?

The Palazzo Pitti is located in Florence, Italy. Specifically, it is situated on the south side of the Arno River, in the Oltrarno district, just a short walk from the famous Ponte Vecchio.

What is Palazzo Pitti famous for?

The Palazzo Pitti is famous for its stunning Renaissance architecture, beautiful frescoes, and exquisite furnishings. It was once the residence of the powerful Medici family and now houses several museums, including the Palatine Gallery, the Royal Apartments, the Museum of Fashion and Costume, and more.

Who built/designed Palazzo Pitti?

The Palazzo Pitti was originally commissioned by the wealthy Florentine banker, Luca Pitti, in the mid-15th century. It was designed by the architect, Filippo Brunelleschi, and was finished by his successors, Luca Fancelli and Giuliano da Sangallo. Later on, the Medici family purchased the palace and commissioned several architects, including Bartolomeo Ammannati and Giorgio Vasari, to expand and enhance the building over the years.

What is the architectural style of Palazzo Pitti?

Palazzo Pitti's architectural style is a combination of classical, Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo styles that evolved over time. 

How much does it cost to visit Palazzo Pitti?

The cost of Palazzo Pitti tickets depend on what type and inclusions you’re looking for. The ticket price starts from $22.50.

Are there guided tours explaining the Palazzo Pitti’s history?

Yes, guided tours are available at Palazzo Pitti that explain the palace's history, art, and architecture. Professional guides offer tours in different languages.

What is the most interesting fact about the Palazzo Pitti’s history?

One interesting fact about Palazzo Pitti's history is that it was once the residence of the powerful Medici family, who were one of the most influential and wealthy families in Renaissance Florence.

Is it worth visiting Palazzo Pitti?

Yes, Palazzo Pitti is worth visiting. The palace is a magnificent landmark with a rich history, stunning architecture, and a vast collection of art and artifacts. It is a must-see attraction in Florence that offers a glimpse into the opulence and grandeur of a bygone era.